Ilija Garašanin: Ilija Garašanin, statesman and administrator of Serbia who was twice In he wrote a memorandum entitled Nac̆ertanije (“Draft Plan”). Abstract: The draft of Serbian foreign policy, written by Ilija Garasanin, still provokes In appendix is the new translation of Nacertanije by the author. An English translation is also available in P. N. Hehn, “The Origins of Modern Pan-Serbianism – The Nacertanije of Ilija Garasanin: An Analysis and.

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Serbian views were based on the experience drawn from Garasanin’s co-operation with Croats in the s. The most valuable articles based on research in various archives are: Stranjakovic, “Buna hriscana u Bosni XXV-1, Belgradepp. One of the rare nacertsnije, at the time, to determine the distribution of the Serbian-inhabited lands was made by the father of modern Serbian literacy Vuk Stefanovic Karadzic.

We will forward your request to your library as soon as possible. There was no accurate ethnographical, historical and garaxanin knowledge about the number of Serbs, their diffusion and their percentage compared to the nations they lived with.


The Formation of National Movements: His ideas and policies remain highly controversial. Serbia must do something for Bulgaria because love and help need to be mutual. This paper analyses the national thought and policies of Ilija Garasanin. The plan was definitively undermined by the Austrian occupation—and subsequent annexation—of Bosnia-Herzegovina in ipija, after which Serbian hopes for expansion turned toward Macedonia.

A Czech born in Moravia, Zach was the ardent advocate of Slavic solidarity. Through Ilija Garasanin’s son, Milutin Garasanin, the leader of the conservatives – Progressive Party Napredna stranka in Serbia, his closest party associates were also acquainted with the contents of Nacertanije. You can suggest to your library or institution to subscribe to the program OpenEdition Freemium for books.

When we take into closer consideration the topography and geographical position of these lands, togehter with the military traditions of their inhabitants, their mentality and ways of thinking, we will easily come to the conclusion that this is the part nacsrtanije Turkey upon which Serbia can exert the greatest influence.

Ilija Garašanin – Wikipedia

The Conseilswritten in Januarywere the general political basis of Serbian foreign and internal policies, aimed at creating a powerful Southern Slavic state around Serbia in the future.

During the s, only German books were read in Croatia, and the only theater in Zagreb gave performances exclusively in German. From historicism, mixed with German concept of nation basing on linguistic and cultural unity, there emerged Jacobin model of the nation-state as the articulation of the national revolution’s goals: It is assumed as well that the leaders of the National Radical Party Narodna radikalna strankathe most numerous and influential political party in Serbia, also knew about Nacertanije and garasanjn its copy circulated among them.

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He helped his father in business. This principle will satisfy all Christians, and who knows, in time it may become acceptable to some Muslims as well.

A new Serbian state in the south could give Europe every guarantee that it would be distinguished and vital, capable of ipija itself between Austria and Russia.

In Belgrade, Zach often spoke to Garasanin about the position of the Slavs in Turkey and Austria and the conditions required for their national awakening and afterwards, for their political union around Serbia.

Assuming that Russia and Austria intended to divide the Balkans between themselves in the near future, as they had done with Poland only now without Prussia which had no direct interests in the EastCzartoryski and his associates made a project of a vast Southern Slav state that should be created around Serbia, and lean on France and Great Britain in its foreign policy.

The internal order of the small Serbian Principality under the hereditary Obrenovic dynasty, although formally established by way of four Ottoman Hatti-sherifswas no less dependent on the will of the suzerain court than on the influence of the European powers that dominated the Balkans. After Prince Milos’s resignation inand the expulsion of his younger son, Prince Michael, from Serbia inthe Constitutionalists were faced with the same difficulties concerning the relations with Russia.

Instead of undefined aspirations and unrealistic plans, conceived as a simultaneous series of national insurrections, national unification became quite pronouncedly a state programmewhere the bearer of the national action was the State – a strong, enlightened, secularized and modernly organized one. His plan was constantly frustrated, however, by the need of Serbia to rely on the diplomatic support of Austria.

Both arguments assume that the South Slav nations are pre-modern social phenomena. The continuous determination and organization of this infuence seems to us to be the main task of Serbian policy in Turkey for the moment [].

What we wish and attempt to do here is to contribute somewhat and prepare the plan of Serbian policy abiding by its natural demands. Karadzic – to be adopted as the official language in Parliament, was rejected.

It is the duty of Serbia to propose the basic points of this policy to both parts of the people residing nacertsnije, because she is able to act in this enterprise, and obliged to, owing to the years of experience and the diplomatically recognized rights. Cambridge University Press, Cambridgepp. Not only that France and England would not be opposed to this, but they would even support it, whereas the Porte also would not be opposed to it because its only harbour would prosper as a result.


Gaining a greater influence over the Eastern Orthodox Bosnians will not be a difficult task for Serbia. Although these debates on the main messages of this document were conducted in terms of historiography, they usually reflected the political nacertqnije national stands of its interpreters.

The main source of historical knowledge – apart from folk poetry, oral historical chronicles about medieval glory, the struggle against the Turks and the desire to renew the empire lost in the Battle of Kosovo – were the works of “monastic historicism”, compilations of older history books made in the eighteenth century.

For the memory of the historical past probably survives in no European nation in such a way as it does with the Slavs of Turkey, who even to the present day retain a vivid and faithful recollection of almost all glorious men and events of their history. Movement and agitation among the Slavs has already begun and will, indeed, never cease.

To include the Yugoslav nacertaniie under Austrian rule in the Serbian national plan would only mean, in Garasanin’s eyes, a direct Austrian interference in Serbia’s internal affairs.

Historical Traditions Zach’s Planalthough imbued with an idealistic view of Slavism and South Slavic co-operation, seemingly alien to the views of the Constitutionalists, still had certain common ground with Serbia’s political traditions. Garasanin was the first to write a Serbian national programme, Nacertanijethat envisioned an independent Serbian state.

In addition to the medieval tradition there came the experience of the national and social revolution led by Karadjordjeand the gradual acquisition of the internationally recognized autonomous status within the Ottoman Empire under Prince Milos Obrenovic However, he was dismissed from the position in nacrtanije the request of the Russians who considered his policy to be pro-French.

This would give the French government reason and occasion to participate actively in this affair, and would at the same time free Serbia from the danger of having in Belgrade a Catholic church which would be under the influence of Austria. He thought that Serbia, preoccupied by its internal consolidation and pressure from the outside, was not sufficiently aware of the importance the spread of its political influence could have not only among the Serbs outside its borders, but also among garxsanin neighbouring Slavic nations with whom they intermingled.

It is certainly one of the most contested documents of nineteenth-century Serbian history. IX-X, Beogradpp.