Aortocaval compression syndrome is compression of the abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava by the gravid uterus when a pregnant woman lies on her back, . Aortocaval Compression Syndrome: Time to Revisit Certain Dogmas. Lee, Allison, J., MD ; Landau, Ruth, MD. Anesthesia & Analgesia: December Aortocaval Compression Syndrome: Time to Revisit Certain Dogmas. Lee, A.J. ; Landau, R. Obstetric Anesthesia Digest: June – Volume 38 – Issue 2 – p.

Author: Daijas Voodootilar
Country: Serbia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: History
Published (Last): 20 July 2010
Pages: 322
PDF File Size: 17.99 Mb
ePub File Size: 15.18 Mb
ISBN: 719-2-14616-820-5
Downloads: 33588
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Yosida

As far as aortic compression goes, virtually all the previous studies that addressed the issue relied upon indirect evidence to document compression—differential blood pressures and the like. There quite probably are patients for whom the modest tilt we apply has a salutary effect.

In this study, we demonstrated that significant differences in CO and SVR occurred when non-labouring parturients were positioned at different angles of tilt on the operating table. View large Download slide. We’ll send you a link to reset your password. Breastfeeding difficulties Low milk supply Cracked nipples Breast engorgement Childbirth-related posttraumatic stress disorder Diastasis symphysis pubis Postpartum bleeding Peripartum cardiomyopathy Postpartum depression Postpartum psychosis Postpartum thyroiditis Puerperal fever Puerperal mastitis.

Maternal and fetal effects of the supine and pelvic tilt positions in late pregnancy. Sometimes practices become so ingrained in our routines that we forget why we began doing them in the first place…and whether our original rationale is still valid.

This article about a medical condition affecting the circulatory system is a stub. Log in to access full content You must be logged in to access this feature. Among term parturients placed supine, none showed a decrease in systolic arterial pressure AP or symptoms of ACC. Introduction Aortocaval compression syndrome is also known as a supine hypotensive syndrome.


The sequence was stored in opaque envelopes which would be shuffled and drawn for each patient just before the commencement of the study. Close mobile search navigation Article navigation. Haemodynamic, invasive and echocardiographic monitoring in the hypertensive parturient.

[Aortocaval compression syndrome].

The measurements, including brachial AP, lower limb AP, and HR, were automatically measured and data were recorded using a computer program designed by our department. Only one patient in the supine position had aortic compression with the systolic AP in the upper limb 25 mm Hg higher than the lower limb. Aortocaval Compression Syndrome – StatPearls. The influence of gestational age on the maternal cardiovascular response to posture and exercise. Imaging techniques have also been used to show the presence of ACC.

Aortocaval compression syndrome – Wikipedia

Early studies utilized angiography 89 and IVC pressure measurements 31920 to demonstrate occlusion of the aorta and IVC. In short, co,pression found no evidence of decreased aortic volume aortic compression in any of the pregnant subjects in any position, supine or tilted; calculated aortic volumes were not different from the nonpregnant subjects.

Amniotic fluid embolism Cephalopelvic disproportion Dystocia Shoulder dystocia Fetal distress Locked twins Obstetrical bleeding Postpartum Pain management during childbirth placenta Placenta accreta Preterm birth Postmature birth Umbilical cord prolapse Uterine inversion Uterine rupture Vasa praevia.

All CO measurements were within the normal range. Pathology of pregnancychildbirth and the puerperium O— This compensatory mechanism increases venous pressure, which pushes blood at a greater rate through the collateral circulations such as the paraspinal veins and azygous veins to facilitate venous return to the heart. In these patients, the mean CO was The impedance of blood flow back from the lower extremities to the maternal heart and central circulation occurs from compression of the uterus on the inferior vena cava, and also the aorta.


There was only one patient in whom we considered we could detect aortic compression, suggesting that this is rare in non-labouring term parturients. This may be done either manually or with elevators, including premade aodtocaval or towel rolls placed under the board.

To get started with Anesthesiology, we’ll need to send you an email. Aortocaval compression syndrome is characterized by initial tachycardia and late bradycardia, pallor, diaphoresis, nausea, hypotension, and dizziness.

Pregnancy with compressjon outcome Ectopic pregnancy Abdominal pregnancy Cervical pregnancy Interstitial pregnancy Ovarian pregnancy Heterotopic pregnancy Molar pregnancy Miscarriage Stillbirth. Despite these drawbacks, there is at least one important lesson we should take away from this study.

All measurements were performed by a single experienced investigator S. The dose-dependent effects of phenylephrine for elective cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia. Previously, Bamber and Dresner 5 measured CO changes secondary to ACC using transthoracic electrical bioimpedance and concluded that a table tilt of up to